The GDR and the FRG were reunited in 1990 shortly after the famous fall of the Berlin Wall. But do you really know the history of this reunification? We take stock of this exciting episode in the history of Germany.
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- GDR and FRG: East and West Germany The
- creation of the two states of Germany, FRG and GDR
- 9 November 1989: the fall of the Berlin Wall
- FRG and GDR: no longer mistaken on West and East
Plan de l'article
GDR and FRG: East and West Germany
At the end of the Second World War, Germany was divided into two. The country now consists of two separate countries, West Germany and East Germany. West Germany is also known as the FRG (Federal Republic of Germany) and East Germany is called the GDR (German Democratic Republic).
German reunification, also known as the reunification of Germany, took place on 3 October 1990. On this particular date, the two states of Germany, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, are declared a single state. Germany as we know it today arose from the merger between the GDR and the FRG , or East Germany and West Germany.
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The creation of the two states of Germany, FRG and GDR
Germany’s defeat in World War II saw the Allies take possession of 4 separate zones of occupation . In 1949, three of these four zones were attached to the Federal Republic of Germany, or West Germany: the British zone, French zone, and the American zone.
The Soviet zone becomes a separate state, East Germany or the German Democratic Republic.
Then, the Cold War saw West Germany transformed into a democratic country , in which elections were held freely. West Germany was then allied to the United States of America and governed by a capitalist system.
East Germany, in turn, takes its inspiration from communism , that is, it is clearly a single-party country following Soviet influence. The GDR is fully controlled by the Soviet Union. But the country’s economy is not booming, unlike that of West Germany. Migration begins and people want to move west and cross this famous border.
The border was then part of the Iron Curtain . This border was closed in 1961 by East German forces in order to prevent population migration. Following, the Berlin Wall was erected on August 13, 1961 and in fact it becomes very difficult and dangerous to leave East Germany.
9 November 1989: the fall of the Berlin Wall
The Soviet Union opened to the West, notably with the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan. Many communist countries are doing the same is beginning to open. A growing popular demand for openness comes from the heart of East Germany.
This will lead to the fall of the Berlin Wall, which was enacted on November 9, 1989. The disappearance of this border leads to the reunification of Germany, or the unification of the two states of Germany. Germany is then recognised as a democratic state , after many talks.
The reunification of the GDR and the FRG entails the accession of the new Länder to the Federal Republic of Germany. On 3 October 1990 , the German Democratic Republic no longer existed and the Länder of Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and Berlin finally reunited were integrated into the FRG.
FRG and GDR: no longer mistaken on West and East
If you are looking for a mnemonic way to retain FRG and GDR and no longer go wrong between East and West, here’s a tip. In the FRG, there is an F : you can then think of France, which is located on the western side, so to the West. On the other hand, GDR contains a D , which can be equated to “Right” and therefore the East part.
This episode of history has actually seen a country changing itself and evolving in the direction of democracy. Germany is today an example of democracy in its political model. Nevertheless, it remains a capitalist structure, controlled by a chancellor or a chancellor.
History has shown us that extreme situations can emanate from international tensions and conflicts. Decisions made by the existing government have drastic consequences for people . Still today, fascinating stories circulate among German families about the reunification of the two Germany.
These stories are opportunities to realize what history is doing. In this case in Germany, the decisions that followed the Second World War formatted the country as we know it today.