We often hear about alternating training. What exactly is it, who is it talking to and what are the modalities of it? Combining qualified and vocational education with concrete experience in companies, the specificity of alternation is now recognized for its effectiveness in terms ofaccess to employment . Update on alternance training.
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Alternating training: what is it
Alternating training has as its specificity and as the name implies, proposing to the person who is trained, alternating teaching periods and periods in business. The student then benefits from a system that allows him to have at his disposal a perfect balance between theory and practice . These courses are highly sought after (employer and learner side) for the autonomy they promote. Employment-oriented, these vocational training courses are qualifying and open up to diverse and varied occupations.
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By sharing his time between the school (pro high school, engineering school, university or accredited training centre) and the company, the alternate is as close as possible to professional reality. He can directly put into practice what he learns elsewhere.
The alternate is therefore a student, learner, trained and even has chances of getting a job in the company that receives it alternately, if the experience goes well on both sides. The alternate may be employed in the company or admitted as an alternate trainee . In this sense, the alternate is a bit like an apprentice who would be on an apprenticeship contract within a company.
The modalities of alternating training
It should be noted that alternating training may involve all kinds of situations:
- Vocational training;
- Any training in CAP (Certificate of Professional Aptitude);
- A professional degree (in high school pro);
- Any higher education training for the BTS (Higher Technician’s Certificate);
- Engineering schools;
An alternate is a person considered active. As an alternate, the student or apprentice continues his studies but remains active. Any alternate is bound by a contract of alternation with the company, as well as an agreement . The work required of him is often up to the professional reality that will await him later.
Contract, pace and remuneration of alternation
The alternate shall be remunerated by the host company for the alternate training he undertakes. To do so, a clear legal agreement must have been established between the alternate, the educational institution and the host company. An employment contract is drafted and proposed to the alternate. The latter can then organize and have a taste of what his future professional life will be, thanks to the proposed remuneration.
The rhythm is sustained between courses at the school, the accredited training centre or vocational high school, and periods of work in companies. The proposed alternation can be organized as follows:
- 2 months/2 months;
- 6 months/6 months;
- 2 days/ 3 days;
- 1 week out of 2;
- 1 week out of 3;
- 15 days/15 days, etc.
Alternating can have a long or short pace and will in fact have an impact on the way you learn. Before choosing an alternate training, it is important toevaluate this pace in order to determine whether it will fit well with what is expected and possible. Indeed, the rhythm of alternating training has both its advantages and disadvantages.
The bet of the rhythm of alternation
On a long alternating pace, the main advantages are to properly split theory and practice. However, this advantage can be perceived as a disadvantage depending on the types of learner profiles. It may be important for some alternates to make the comparison between theory and practice fairly quickly. Conversely, too short a pace requires a tremendous adaptability over time on the part of the alternate and the company, which does not necessarily have time to predict.
Since the aim is to transform knowledge into know-how, the pace must not serve the interests of the alternate or the company. Some rigour and results are expected , as compensation is at stake. However, companies receive aid which is directly related to the acceptance of an alternate contract.
Holding Commitments as Alternate
Tacit commitments by both sides provide room for manoeuvre and certain freedom of movement at the very sea-alternation. Periods in companies allow integration , which will play on the possibility of hiring the student.
From the type of training follows the rate of alternation, as well as the remuneration of the trainee or employee, if the remuneration is current. The alternate is engaged with the school and the company and respect for labour law is required. Schedules, discipline, internal rules common to all employees… Learning hours must be respected in order to succeed in good professionalization and training by alternation.
If the alternate is young, he will have a concrete and precise vision of working life, which is one of the main advantages of alternating training. He learns how to manage his time, his tasks, his money and his responsibilities. It is a professional learning as much as it is a real life learning , towards the professionalization of the person.
Choosing your training by alternating
In France, there are many companies wanting to give motivated learners a chance. Alternating is a chance to seize for any student who wishes to have a foot in the active life and turn to true professionalization.
His training is done over a given time, depending on the training chosen in vocational high school, accredited training center or engineering school. It is essential to weigh the pros and cons of the pros and cons of alternating training because this pace is not suitable for everyone.
If you are part of an audience in professional conversion or resuming studies, take these criteria into account, because you do not learn the same way according to ages and constraints. Training organisations are generally informed of these constraints and offer rhythms adapted to both the alternate and the enterprise, in order to promote a return to employment.